Executive Summary: Studies on Monitoring and Tracking Genetic Resources

George M. Garrity, Lorraine M. Thompson, David Wayne Ussery, Norman Paskin, Dwight Baker, Philippe Desmeth, David E. Schindel, Perry S. Ong

Abstract


The principles underlying fair and equitable sharing of benefits derived from the utilization of genetic resources are set out in Article 15 of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, which stipulate that access to genetic resources is subject to the prior informed consent of the country where such resources are located and to mutually agreed terms regarding the sharing of benefits that could be derived from such access. One issue of particular concern for pro-vider countries is how to monitor and track genetic resources once they have left the provider country and enter into use in a variety of forms. This report was commissioned to provide a detailed review of advances in DNA sequencing technologies, as those methods apply to identification of genetic resources, and the use of globally unique persistent identifiers for persistently linking to data and other forms of digital documentation that is linked to individ-ual genetic resources. While the report was written for an audience with a mixture of tech-nical, legal, and policy backgrounds it is relevant to the genomics community as it is an ex-ample of downstream application of genomics information.

doi:10.4056/sigs.1491


 


Keywords


biological diversity, DNA sequencing, genetic resources, genomics

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Acknowledgements

We would like to gratefully acknowledge the support of many members of the Genomic Standards Consortium, the broader genomic science community, and those who have indicated their willingness to serve as editors, reviewers and contributors.

SIGS was founded with grants from the Office of the Vice President for Research and Graduate Studies at Michigan State University, the Michigan State University Foundation, and the US Department of Energy Biological and Environmental Research DE-FG02-08ER64707. The journal became self-supporting on October 1, 2011.

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