Complete genome sequence of Rhodospirillum rubrum type strain (S1T)

Christine Munk, Alex Copeland, Susan Lucas, Alla Lapidus, Tijana Glavina Del Rio, Kerrie Berry, John C. Detter, Nancy Hammon, Sanjay Israni, Sam Pitluck, Thomas Brettin, David Bruce, Cliff Han, Roxanne Tapia, Paul Gilna, Jeremy Schmutz, Frank Larimer, Miriam Land, Nikos C. Kyrpides, Konstantinos Mavromatis, Paul Richardson, Manfred Rohde, Markus Göker, Hans-Peter Klenk, Yaoping Zhang, Gary P. Roberts, Susan Reslewic, David C. Schwartz


Rhodosprillum rubrum (Esmarch 1887) Molisch 1907 is the type species of the genus Rhodospirillum, which is the type genus of the family Rhodospirillaceae in the class Alphaproteobacteria. The species is of special interest because it is an anoxygenic phototroph that produces extracellular elemental sulphur (instead of oxygen) while harvesting light. It contains one of the most simple photosynthetic systems currently known, lacking light harvesting complex 2. Strain S1T can grow on carbon monoxide as sole energy source. With currently over 1,750 PubMed entries, R. rubrum is one of the most intensively studied microbial species, in particular for physiological and genetic studies. Next to R. centenum strain SW, the genome sequence of strain S1T is only the second genome of a member of the genus Rhodospirillum to be published, but the first type strain genome from the genus. The 4,352,825 bp long chromosome and 53,732 bp plasmid with a total of 3,850 protein-coding and 83 RNA genes were sequenced as part of the DOE Joint Genome Institute Programme DOEM 2002.



facultatively anaerobic, photolithotrophic, mesophile, Gram-negative, motile, Rhodospirillaceae, Alphaproteobacteria, DOEM 2002

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